I've been holding off on doing a full fried rice story for several years now. I'm not really sure why. Fried rice is a great way to use up leftovers, it is infinitely variable, and there are plenty of variables worth testing out. Couple that with the number of rules that everyone says you simply must follow (you must use day-old rice, you must use medium grain, etc.), and it seems like the perfect subject for some hardcore testing and mythbusting. So that's exactly what I did.
This recipe produces fried rice with individual grains and is lightly seasoned to allow the flavor of the rice to shine.
2 cups cooked white rice (see note above) (12 ounces; 350g)
2 tablespoons vegetable or canola oil, divided (30ml)
1 small onion, finely chopped (4 ounces; 115g)
1 medium carrot, peeled and cut into small dice (3 ounces; 85g)
2 scallions, thinly sliced (1 ounce; 30g)
2 medium cloves garlic, minced (about 2 teaspoons; 5g)
1 teaspoon soy sauce
1 teaspoon toasted sesame oil
Ground white pepper
1 large egg
4 ounces frozen peas (115g)
1. If using day-old rice, transfer to a medium bowl and break the rice up with your hands into individual grains before proceeding. Heat 1/2 tablespoon vegetable oil in a large wok over high heat until smoking. Add half of rice and cook, stirring and tossing, until the rice is pale brown, toasted, and has a lightly chewy texture, about three minutes. Transfer to a medium bowl. Repeat with another 1/2 tablespoon oil and remaining rice.
2. Return all the rice to the wok and press it up the sides, leaving a space in the middle. Add 1/2 tablespoon oil to the space. Add onion, carrot, scallions, and garlic and cook, stirring gently, until lightly softened and fragrant, about 1 minute. Toss with rice to combine. Add soy sauce and sesame oil and toss to coat. Season to taste with salt and white pepper.
3. Push rice to the side of the wok and add remaining 1/2 tablespoon oil. Break the egg into the oil and season with a little salt. Use a spatula to scramble the egg, breaking it up into small bits. Toss the egg and the rice together.
4. Add frozen peas and continue to toss and stir until peas are thawed and every grain of rice is separate. Serve immediately.